The Stages

Stage I

The Echelon Engine innovation maintains proper compression for ignition just as it is in the standard engine. All timing adjustments are within the same range. The timing of the ignition is not the focus of the invention. It’s the compression ratio which must not be compromised. The point is to get the peak pressure of the ignited fuel expansion applied on the crank at the best angle for leverage!

In this stage of the development, we learned the fundamental dilemma of flame propagation and development time being out of phase with the best angle (moment arm) of the crank. We also had to reconcile the conflicting priorities of fuel efficiency, emissions, and cost.

Stage II

The objective of engine design is not to apply more pressure on the piston, but to apply more pressure on the crank where leverage is effective. Normally, the expansion pressure is building during or before TDC and peaking at or just after TDC – the range defined as piston dwell, that range of angle where the vertical excursion of the piston is minimal and where the angle of the rod to crank is ineffective. It is where the expansion pressure is converting the energy to heat rather than work.

It was critically important that the technology would utilize as much of the current Otto Cycle (named after Nikolaus Otto who created it in 1864) engine components as possible. A total redesign of the engine would take far longer to be accepted by the industry.

Very First Run

Stage III

In Stage III the technological advances have continued, so patent protection is aimed at assuring all nations of the benefits of this and the many new applications for the ICE that will follow. The development at Stage III has facilitated the arrival of a similar remedy without pneumatic assist and has opened more innovation for the practicality of retrofit and extended scaling.

The results of this stage will be tested and verified by the most prestigious independent Automotive lab in the world.

Watch for more updates this year.


Patents are adding up, with at least 43 more pending. Click Patent images to view.

Have Questions? We can Help

Translate »